The Genetics and Breeding Graduate Program at the Federal University of Viçosa (UFV) celebrated in 2009, 33 years of successful training of professors and researchers. The master program started in August 1976. The doctorate program started in March 1979. By December 2009, 395 master dissertations and 213 doctorate theses had been defended. The advisers are professors from the departments of Animal Biology, Animal Science, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Crop Science, General Biology, Statistics, Microbiology, Plant Pathology and Plant Biology. The Program is administered by a commission, consisting of the Coordinator (currently Prof. José Marcelo Soriano Viana, of the General Biology Department), a professor representing the Department of Crop Science (Márcio Henrique Pereira Barbosa), a professor representing the Department of Animal Science (Simone Eliza Facioni Guimarães) and two student representatives.

The lines of research are Plant Genetics, Animal Genetics, Molecular Genetics, Genetics of Microorganisms, Animal Breeding and Plant Breeding. The interdepartmental character integrates research carried out by professors in different departments. The objectives have been the training of high level human resources, able to act in teaching, research activities and technological development, in Brazil and abroad. The most important and up to date research lines in the area of Genetics and Breeding are addressed by the research and teaching activities of the professors, especially Quantitative Genetics, Statistical Genomics, Genetic Diversity, Molecular Phylogenetics, Bioinformatics, Functional Genomics, and Flow and Image Cytometry. The basic and applied research contributes to the development of methods and processes in the various areas. The plant breeding programs produce new cultivars, including soybean, common bean, corn, rice, coffee, sugarcane, wheat, vegetables and fruit trees. Animal genetic breeding, especially poultry, pigs, beef and dairy cattle, have resulted in an increase in herd productivity and improved product quality. Most of the breeding studies use molecular marker integration.

The program has always received excellent assessment by Capes (Brazilian Federal Agency for Support and Evaluation of Graduate Education) (concept A until 1997, mark 7 until 2003 and mark 6 in the three years 2004-2006). The professionals qualified by the program have taken part in research teams and as professors in various national and international institutions, and have occupied relevant positions in several companies. The cooperation of professors in private seed, timber and cellulose, and animal breeding companies, as reviewers of important national and international journals, as consultants to the CNPq (National Council for Scientific and Technological Development), Capes and the State Foundations for Research Support, and as extensionists in the most important annual extension event at UFV, called the Farmer´s Week, are highlights of the extension activities. Due to relevant and regular scientific intellectual production, 81% of the program advisers receive research productivity grants from the CNPq. In the categories 1A, 1B, 1C, 1D and 2 are 7, 5, 5, 8 and 7, respectively.